Taekwondo Ranges: Explained

If you've read through the blog, you've probably caught me saying something weird. For example: kick at long range, or short range or whatever, you get what I'm saying. But what does that actually mean?

What Are Ranges?

Well, my dear friend, when you kick a push kick, extending your hips out, that's obviously a different range, then, let's say, an out-in kick whilst infighting. This is obvious, as already said. What isn't obvious is how this is useful. This is where my system comes in.

Short Range

Short range is just one step away from clinching range. This is the point where you both are close enough to be able to push one another with each other's hands. Most of the techniques taught here are classified as infighting techniques. Switching to this range is useful for decreasing the force of kicks and disabling turning-type kicks, along with escalating the fight and tiring your opponent.

Long Range

Long range is usually characterized by kicks in the sidekick family and some long-range forty-five kicks. This range is useful for recovering energy, fight de-escalation if used properly, and building momentum for a medium range kick.
Medium Range is everything in between, from normal forty-five kicks to stretched out-in kicks. Most long-range kicks are only to close the distance for a medium range combo, in my experience.

Short Range Vs. Long Range Vs. Medium Range

Ranges tend to be the Achilles Heel for quite a few players. They get used to fighting at a certain range, so when a player aggressively attempts to push into another range, it can be very shocking. For example, when I was a red belt, I managed to score a head kick on a black belt.
How did I do this? I had noticed that he had been consistently rushing in to get close and infight. So I took a bet. On his next movement, I sidestepped out of the way, tripping him and allowing me to sneak a head kick in.
This is a good example of using general systems for predictions. He was trying to get me at short range, ergo, I should avoid short range.
By the same token, I had fought a very tall person who excelled at long range. I kept trying to push kick and move into medium range, but his legs beat me out. After a minute of this, I realized what I needed to do.
As he began his kick, I sidestepped away from it while moving forward. I gave a strong push, surprising him and knocking him off balance. As he did this, I delivered a front kick. Got his just on the side of his helmet.
Medium Range doesn't really have a weakness or strength, in my experience. You just can't sustain it for long against someone who wants a differently-ranged game.
So what do you do against a player who doesn't necessarily specialize at any range? Well, at that point, I would advise switching between ranges rapidly, as advised in my other article.
That's all for the Wednesday bonus! Thank you for reading!

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